Mercury poisoning, a type of metal poisoning and a medical condition, is caused by exposure to mercury or its compounds. Mercury is a heavy metal. All forms of mercury produce toxicity or death with less than a gram. The damage done by elemental mercury is caused by blocking blood vessels. Mercury’s zero oxidation state exists as vapor or as liquid metal, its mercurous state exists as inorganic salts, and its mercuric state may form either inorganic salts or organomercury compounds; the three groups vary in effects. Toxic results include damage to the brain, kidneys and lungs. Mercury poisoning can result in several diseases, including acrodynia (pink disease), Hunter-Russell syndrome, and Minamata disease.
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